Systematic Reviews

PHCoE produces systematic reviews that aim to identify and promote evidence-based psychological health practices in the Military Health System (MHS) using well-established and rigorous methods:

  • The Cochrane approach to conducting systematic reviews

  • The GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach to evaluating the quality of evidence

  • Partnership with Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC)

Read more in frequently asked questions about our systematic reviews.


  • Prediction models for suicide attempts and deaths: A systematic review and simulation (peer-reviewed publication)
  • Present‐centered therapy (PCT) for post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults (Full report)

In Progress Reports

  • Evidence map of professional peer-to-peer interventions (registered protocol)
  • Gender differences in response to alcohol use disorder treatment (registered protocol)
  • Interventions for adults with co-morbid alcohol use and depressive disorders: a systematic review and network meta-analysis protocol (registered protocol)
  • Sleep management in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): a systematic review (registered protocol)
  • A systematic review and meta-analysis of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for adults with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Adjustment Disorders: A systematic review on predictors and prognosis
  • Systematic review and meta-analysis of asynchronous post-discharge caring contacts in the prevention of suicidal behavior
  • Systematic review of peer support in the treatment of alcohol use disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Accuracy and efficiency of screening instruments for gambling disorder: A systematic review (registered protocol)
  • Differential mental health treatment dropout rates among military personnel: A systematic review (registered protocol)

Systematic Reviews of Psychological Health Research to Address Gaps in Practice (Southern California EPC – RAND Corporation)

An ongoing series of systematic reviews focused on improving the identification and implementation of evidence-based treatments and approaches for psychological health conditions often experienced by service members. In accordance with the 2016 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA);[ Reference 1 ] the current effort aims to address variability in health care practices and outcomes to improve quality of care, patient safety, and patient satisfaction.

  • Provider Burnout: Definition, prevalence, risk factors, treatment, and prevention (in progress)
  • Interventions for people who have attempted suicide and their family members (in progress)
  • Predictors of PTSD treatment retention and response (in progress)
  • Methods for identifying research gaps, establishing research needs, and determining research priorities (in progress)

Evidence Syntheses of Key Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Topic Areas (Southern California EPC – RAND Corporation)

A series of systematic reviews focused on determining the efficacy, comparative effectiveness and safety of CAM and integrative medicine (IM) approaches for psychological health conditions. The goal of this effort is to inform the VA/DoD clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), as well as to address the recommendations from the Defense Health Board
(DHB)[ Reference 2 ] and Institute of Medicine (IOM)[ Reference 3 ] to concentrate implementation efforts on evidence-based interventions.